The Sir Charles Bell Society (SCBS) began as an informal
group in 1992 during the VIIth International Facial Nerve Symposium
(President: Professor E. Stennert) in Cologne. At this initial meeting
74 attendees confirmed the need for a multinational approach. Drs. Olaf
Michel and Kedar Adour were appointed as coordinators and under their
guidance the original 74 attendees were to be considered as “Founding
Members” and they drafted a Statement of Purpose: “The SCBS
is to be an international forum for clinicians of all medical specialties
and researchers in basic or clinical science who have as special interest
in the facial nerve and its disorders. This unique international multi-disciplinary
organization is dedicated to the collection, dissemination and exchange
of ideas relating to the facial nerve and its diseases.” Their
first charge was to aid Professor Naoki Yanagihara in organizing the
VIIIth International Facial Nerve Symposium to be held in Japan in 1997.
The Sir Charles Bell Society was officially recognized
June 23, 1993, incorporated in the state of California as a non-profit
mutual benefit corporation organized under the non-profit mutual benefit
corporation law meeting the criteria of: Internal Revenue Code Section
501 C (6) with FEDERAL Employee Identification Number: 94-320802 and
California Corporate Number; 1917755 SCOBS.
Thanks to the diligent effort of Tom Ekstrand (Sweden)
with the able assistance of Paul Mulkens (The Netherlands) and Gisle
Djupesland (Norway) the first scheduled meeting of the SCBS convened
in Istanbul on June 23, 1993 during the International Federation of
Otolaryngological Societies Meeting (IFOS). The 21 attendees represented
In 1997 the proximity of IFOS and the VIIIth Facial
Nerve Symposium, prevented many SCBS members from attending the IFOS-
meeting in Australia. Therefore the planned preliminary organizational
meeting of the SCBS in Sydney was limited. Under the guidance of Tom
Ekstrand, our ad-hoc treasurer and chairman of the By Laws Committee
an informal agenda had been prepared by Drs Kedar Adour, Pieter Devriese
and Tom Ekstrand. Present and participating were: Adour K., Cousins
V., Croxson G., Devriese P., Ekstrand T., Federspil P.A., Gavilán
J., Hanner P., Le Roux B., Herranz-Gonzales J.
The final organizational meeting was held April 15,
1997 at the VIIIth International Facial Nerve Symposium in Matsuyama,
Japan. Tom Ekstrand and Paul Mulkens were selected as Chairman and Secretary
Adour, Kedar (USA); Bertoli, Gian Antonio (I); Bonkowsky,
Viktor (D); Cordier, Aldo (I); Croxson, Glen (AUS); Diels, Jacqueline
(USA); Ekstrand, Tom (S) ad hoc chairman; Engstrom, Mats (S); Furuta,
Yashusi (J); Jonsson, Lars (S); Kobayashi, Takeo (J); Laskawi, Rainer
(D); Mulkens, Paul (NL) ad hoc secretary; Murakami, Shingo (J); Peitersen,
Erik (DK); Pototschnig, Claus (A); Salemark, Lars (S); Soudant, Jacques
(F); Takeshi, Kubo (J); Targan, Bob (USA); Terzis, Julia (USA); Völklein,
Claudia (A); Wolf, Stephan (D); Apologies: Michel, Olaf (D).
At the first official election there was a unanimous
vote for Kedar Adour, President; Olaf Michel, Secretary and Tom Ekstrand,
Membership includes otolaryngologists, plastic-reconstructive
surgeons, neurologists, neurosurgeons, basic science researchers, physiotherapists,
audiologists, anatomists, psychologists, psychiatrists, radiologists,
and internists. At present there are over 229 members from 32 countries.
In 2001 the Members Meeting was held in San Francisco/USA
at the IXth International Facial Nerve Symposium under the chairmanship
of Kedar Adour & Robert Jackler with election of Rainer Laskawi
(Germany), President; Jacqueline Diels (USA), Secretary and Larry Lundy
(USA), Treasurer. Kedar Adour (USA),who had to step back after two terms,
was elected to Honorary Member President-Emeritus with unanimous votes.
The 2005 Members Meeting of the SCBS was held in Maastricht/Netherlands
during the "Xth International Facial Nerve Symposium (Chairman:
Hans Manni)” with election of a new Executive Committee: Rainer
Laskawi (Germany), President; Jacqueline Diels (USA), Secretary and
Paul Mulkens (Netherlands) as a new Treasurer. Unfortunately Kedar Adour
(USA) the President-Emeritus and Honorary Member was not able to attend.
Exco 2005-2009 - Maastricht 2008
The venue of the last Members Meeting in 2009 was in
Rome during the "XIth International Facial Nerve Symposium"
(Chairmen: Roberto Filipo / Maurizio Barbara). By acclamation Naoki
Yanagihara was elected to Honorary Member. The by voting new composed
Executive Committee consists Henri Marres (Netherlands), President;
Tessa Hadlock (USA), Secretary and Xavier Gavilan (Spain) as Assessor.
Paul Mulkens (Netherlands) was re-elected as Treasurer. After presentations
(Antalya, Turkey and Boston, USA) and voting for next venue it was decided
the XIIth. Symposium in 2013 will be organised in Boston.